The Sonata for bass tuba by Paul Hindemith (1895-1963), composed in 1955, belongs to a cycle of ten sonatas for wind instruments. Although the other nine sonatas were written between 1936 and 1943, there is no significant difference in musical style between the Tuba Sonata and its older siblings. The sonatas for woodwind instruments are lighter and more easy-going in style, whilst those for brass seem more substantial. In his imaginative Tuba Sonata, Hindemith plays with rhythmic contrasts and capricious, chromatic themes. The first movement, Allegro pesante, in which the piano and tuba challenge each other with different rhythms, is followed by an Allegro assai which has the function of a scherzo and comes across as a sort of festival of rhythm. The third movement, a theme with variations, is the most substantial of the three and explores the tuba’s upper register. A short cadenza, strictly notated, displays the instrument’s capabilities.